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The illusion of fake souls that make people meet ghosts often?

One day you look in a mirror and see someone occupying your body. Is there a fake or you have Capgras syndrome?

In the famous horror movie “Us”, director Peele built the grisly situation that the Wilson family encountered. That is being replaced by his copy, killed. That only happens in movies? In fact, since 1923, scientists have found a disease that makes people “see” their counterfeiters.

Not recognizing loved ones because they think there are fake people
In 2011, the Psychiatric Times reported that Mary (40), mentally disordered, could not continue to care for her daughter. Mary’s daughter, Sarah (age 9), according to her description has been detained by the Child Protection Center. The girl living with Mary was essentially the one pretending to be her ill-fated daughter.

The thought made Mary often scream when Sarah approached, refusing to pick her up. Despite the reassurances and affirmations from the family, Mary screamed in agony: “This is not my daughter, please return her to me.”

According to the initial evaluation of the treating doctors, Mary has delusional syndrome, also known as Capgras syndrome. This is not a rare disease but is often misdiagnosed into other mental illnesses.

Before Mary, since 1923 scientist Joseph Capgras and his partner Reboul-Lachaux have recorded similar cases. A woman in Paris has been described as bizarre as saying that her husband and children have been kidnapped, the relatives living in the house are actually fake.

This woman repeatedly asserted that she encountered a ghost and tried to prove that the man was not her husband. She resolutely divorced her “ghost” husband and took the time to look for real relatives.

In 1991, this expression was also seen with a 74-year-old woman when she claimed the man sleeping in the bed every night was “a fake”. Strangely, except her husband, this woman recognized all the other members.

In some records, many patients do not even recognize themselves when looking in the mirror. In 2015, a French man was “horrified” when he saw the stranger exactly like his appearance in the mirror.

Decipher the mysterious syndrome
According to NCBI, Capgras delusion is a mental disorder that causes patients to live in the minds of their relatives being duped by a fake with the same appearance and gestures identical to the “original”. The syndrome is named after Joseph Capgras – the first person to discover and study it.

People with Capgras are often surrounded by a layer of delusional beliefs related to identifying the identity and characteristics of their relatives, sometimes even themselves. Capgras is often misdiagnosed as schizophrenia, temporary memory loss or brain injury.

Capgras syndrome is most often associated with Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Both of these illnesses affect memory and can change the actual feeling of people suffering from the world around them. Brain injury can also be one of the causes of the disease.

Treatment
According to Healthline, until now, the treatment of Capgras is still a mystery. New studies show just how to reduce symptoms.

Treatments may include:

Use cholinesterase inhibitors, which help enhance neurotransmitters associated with memory and judgment, for dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.
Using antipsychotics and treatment for people with schizophrenia.
Surgery when the patient has brain damage or head injury.
However, the most effective treatment is to create a positive environment, create a sense of security for the patient.

Strange mental illnesses that medical science has not explained
The weirdest mental disorders in medicine

Discovered the “path of love” where 5 human species mate

A road from Africa across Eurasia has revealed evidence of the extraordinary love between us modern humans and at least 4 ancient species of extinction.

New research by the Australian Ancient DNA Center at the University of Adelaide (Australia) redraws the map of a historical path that our Homo sapiens ancestors traveled 50,000-55,000 years ago, leaving Africa to other promising lands on the Eurasian continent. More specifically, that path marks countless love species of theirs and other homin belonging to the extinct species of his genus.According to the main author – Dr. João Teixeira, a group of adults from Central – North Central Africa has left their homeland to the north. In present-day Egypt, this group splits into two branches, one heading toward present-day Algeria, one moving to the Middle East and meeting Neaderthals in present-day Saudi Arabia – Iraq. Many heterosexual marriages happened. The Neaderthals became extinct shortly after (about 30,000-50,000 years ago) but they managed to leave their lineage in the genome of ancient Homo sapiens.

After that, the ancestors, with many individuals having crossed Neanderthals, split into two groups, one going towards Europe and staying, one moving to Southeast Asia. On the way, in today’s Iran-Pakistan region, our ancestors met a mysterious extinct species, temporarily called “Hominin extinct 1”, mixed with blood again.

This group continues on to what is probably near the border of today’s Myanmar Myanmar, branching again. The group heads north to meet the extinct Denisovans, which reside in present-day Tibet, and fall in love again.

The group turns south across Southeast Asia – which may have once remained a strip of land – to the area of Indonesia. They are called Australo – Papuan, ancestors of present-day Indonesians and Australians. The group met again and fell in love with another group of Denisovans.

Their descendants continue to split. A group with similar genetic characteristics to Filipinos now moves to the Philippines and mate with the Denisovans again; while the group headed towards Australia and on their way across the area around the island of Flores in present-day Indonesia, they mingled with the unidentified fourth extinct humanity, known as “extinct Hominin 2”.

The exciting research has just been published in the journal PNAS.

Has the Earth ever been hot like it is now?

Have you ever traveled in the Arctic? How does it feel like it’s cold outside in Celsius? But maybe if you lived 56 million years ago, you probably would have felt differently.

That’s because tens of millions of years ago, the Earth was in a period of global warming and also known by the scientific name of Paleo-Eocene Thermal Maximum. During this period, the Earth’s temperatures were so hot that both poles reached almost tropical temperatures. In other words, both the Arctic and Antarctic today also have temperatures at hot thresholds and tropical-like landscapes.

The Earth has experienced extremely hot periods many times. Especially the poles also froze and thawed countless times. Now the Earth is warming but very different from the old days. It’s just as hot as it used to be but now there’s the impact of climate change, leading to a record high heat record every month.

The Earth’s climate has fluctuated naturally over tens of thousands of years, the planet’s rotation around the Sun has gradually changed, resulting in a change from season to light. Part of the result of these fluctuations is the fact that the Earth has experienced ice ages and warmer periods.

But to create a Paleo-Eocene-like period will require more than a change in the tilt of the Earth’s axis or its path around the Sun. But besides that, another invisible culprit can also create the typical climate of the Paleo-Eocene period, which is CO2.

Greenhouse gases, including CO2, were responsible for causing high temperatures across the planet’s surfaces during the Paleo-Eocene period. But how to increase the concentration of CO2 without the presence of humans? Scientists do not seem entirely certain.

Sébastien Castelltort, a geologist at the University of Geneva, said the cause could be due to volcanic activity is strong, releasing CO2 into the atmosphere. CO2 then covers the Earth and makes sunlight unable to escape, thereby causing global warming, releasing glaciers at the poles. As the ice at both poles gradually melted, methane, a greenhouse gas many times more toxic than CO2, unintentionally escapes.

Take the Permian-Triassic extinction event, for example, that occurred several million years before the rise of the dinosaurs and took control of the planet. It is really a major climate disaster for the Earth. This warming event happened 252 million years ago and is extremely serious. This event is caused by volcanic activity causing climate chaos and destruction of many species.

Paleontologist Stuart Sutherland at the University of British Columbia told Live Science that at the time of the severe drought, the plants were dead and the Saharah desert spread across the continent. The temperature was almost beyond the endurance of the creatures.

It’s not clear what greenhouse gas concentrations were in the Permian-Triassic period, but they are much more likely than they are today. Some climate models predict that greenhouse gas concentrations would then have reached 3,500 parts per million ppm. While there are still only just over 400ppm.

But to lead to the Permian-Triassic extinction event, the Earth must take thousands of years to reach such a terrible temperature milestone. Specifically, according to some studies, the time can last up to 150 thousand years. In the Paleo-Eocene period, temperatures can increase extremely quickly when it takes only 10-20 thousand years to achieve such a terrible temperature.

And today’s warming on Earth seems to take only 150 years.

That is the big difference between climate change and global warming today compared to the warming of the past. The extreme and extremely fast developments make the consequences of climate change now extremely unpredictable.

Castelltort said his concern at the moment was not only that the planet was getting warmer, but that we did not know everything was moving so fast that humans could not adapt.

He said that no climate experts dare to assert that the current pace of global warming has no serious consequences. It’s just that we don’t know what the future climate scenario will be like.

Misophonia: A strange syndrome that causes people to “have an allergy” with the chewing of the tip and even breathing

Imagine you are listening to someone chewing on a piece of chewing gum and feel that sound is really disgusting and makes you angry, panicked. Of course it’s not a disease but a rare syndrome called Misophonia.

We can get used to annoying sounds like the chewing of something topping up, but for people with Misophonia, it’s a pain.

According to Odditycentral, Misophonia is also known as Selective Sound Sensitivity Syndrome. This syndrome is described as the strong emotional or physiological reaction of a person when hearing unpleasant sounds, often man-made like the sound emitted when someone bites a crunchy dish, sounds Clicks by mouse or keyboard, knocking on the door or even breathing make people suffer from Misophonia syndrome.

Anger is a common reaction of people with this syndrome. However, other reactions such as anxiety or disgust may also occur. These negative emotions are often associated with the release of adrenaline. This hormone can cause dangerous symptoms such as increased heart rate, tremor, and sweating. This makes people suffering from Misophonia always have to listen to these very familiar sounds.

People suffering from misophonia syndrome suffer from “allergy” to many familiar sounds in life

Margot Noel, 28, a person with UK misophonia, recently shared something about what she went through when she had the syndrome. Noel says she feels allergic to sounds like eating crispy foods, whispers, clicking her tongue, pressing a ballpoint pen and breaking her knuckles. Not because she didn’t like the sounds, but because she couldn’t stand the unpleasant sounds that rang in her ears.

Noel said: “That sound made me jump out of my chair and I would have to do something to stop it. It sounded like the crack of the knuckles was not a sound I didn’t like. It was better. And yet, because it was really different, when I heard that sound, I always felt extremely nervous, or suddenly I felt overwhelmed and could not think of anything else. on my side, maybe I will have the same feeling. “

Margot Noel has had to deal with this syndrome since she was a child. At that time, the younger brother knew that his sister could not handle the sounds, so she continued to click her tongue when dealing with her sister.

The sound of a straw will also make people with misophonia feel uncomfortable

The click of the pen is the same

Cracking the bags completely can cause anxiety for people with misophonia

Keyboard clicking sound

And the sound of you eating crunchy dishes is also very dangerous for people with misophonia

She once shared with friends and relatives about the syndrome and told them that it was not their fault. Noel said, she did not want to because of her problems that make it difficult for everyone.

Noel knew about the syndrome she had 3 years ago after watching a play. While enjoying the play, she suddenly heard someone’s breathing as if dying. It caused her to lose focus on the play. When she returned home, she studied the documents about the syndrome she had to learn about her condition.

After learning that she had Misophonia, Noel contacted one of the scientists who studied the syndrome and was able to undergo a 6-stage test to measure her reaction to sound. Unfortunately, Noel only passed 2/6 tests before everything became too limited.

Every day, Noel often has to wear earplugs or headphones to block out the street sounds that can make her feel crazy. When watching movies, she must cover her ears whenever she hears the sounds or whispers in the film. Even when he enters the cinema, Noel often asks people in front of him to avoid the effects of Misophonia.

Or as the case of high school girl Ellie Rapp, living in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. She also suffers from this syndrome and always feels heart palpitations, irritability or crying when hearing unpleasant sounds. Rapp even said that the sound could even kill her.

Rapp said she has experienced this feeling since she was a toddler. When her mother came home from preschool, her mother turned on the radio and sang when Rapp suddenly screamed and cried. All of Rapp’s friends and relatives are quite confused when facing Rapp because they do not know when it will make her feel uncomfortable with their daily familiar noises.

Unfortunately, so far there is no cure for this syndrome.

Restoring King Tutankhamun’s coffin for the first time in nearly 100 years

According to a correspondent in Cairo, Egyptian authorities began the process of restoring the largest of King Tutankhamun’s trio of coffins for the first time in nearly a hundred years, after the coffin was transferred to the Great Treasure. Museum of Egypt.

It is the largest and only coffin remaining in the tomb of the young king in Luxor, after two smaller ones were moved to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo in 1922.

This is the largest and the only coffin remaining in the tomb of pharaoh Tutankhamun.

The head of the antiquity restoration department at the Great Egyptian Museum Eissa Zidan said the coffin began to show cracks on the gilded outer layers. The restoration will take at least 8 months and the overall status report has been finalized before it is transferred to the Great Museum of Egypt.

Meanwhile, the Director of Antiquities at the Egyptian Museum Al-Tayeb Abbas announced that the casket will be on display at the Great Egyptian Museum after restoration, along with King Tutankhamun’s treasure collection, including two smaller coffins still on display at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Thus, when the Great Egyptian Museum is opened in 2020, the three coffins of King Tutankhamun will be displayed for the first time together.

The smallest of these three coffins is made of pure gold, while the other two are made of wood and gold plated.

King Tutankhamun was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty and died in 1323 BC. His tomb was first found in the Valley of Kings in Luxor in 1922 and was unearthed by a team of experts, led by Howard Carter, an English archaeologist.

This is considered one of the top monumental tombs in ancient Egypt and also contains many of the most thrilling mysteries.

The Japanese expert plans not to let the water wash away the results of the To Lich river

Japanese experts considered the method during the rainy season, when the West Lake water was discharged, it was not carried away to wash the experimental results of the To Lich river cleaning.

As expected, after 2 months, Nhat Viet Environment Improvement Joint Stock Company (JVE) will report to Prime Minister, People’s Committee of Hanoi City on a pilot project to clean a section of To Lich river and a corner of West Lake by technology. Nano – Japanese Bioreactor.

However, the discharge of more than 1 million cubic meters of water from the West Lake to the To Lich River affected the results, JVE had to apply for a pilot for another 2 months.

After postponing the announcement of results, yesterday, JVE had a press conference by the West Lake to inform about the upcoming pilot plan, the solutions so that the next water discharges and storms do not affect the To Lich river.

15 minutes notice and then flush
Mr. Nguyen Tuan Anh, JVE Chairman, confirmed that he did not receive notification of water discharge directly.

JVE technical staff has received a notification of water discharge at about 9:30 am on July 9, shortly after about 10-15 minutes, Hanoi Sewerage Company conducted the water discharge.

Discharging 1.5 million m3 of West Lake water into To Lich River, Japanese experts could not cope.

According to Mr. Tuan Anh, when receiving the discharge notification, both Japanese experts and JVE were passive, the pilot unit could not respond in 10-15 minutes.

1.5 million m3 / day as in the last flush, is 10 times the amount of water flowing from 280 discharges flowing along the To Lich river. This amount of water does not flow through 280 sluices but only flows into one sluice at the head of the river, exceeding the original estimate of Japanese experts.

Japanese experts have calculated from the beginning, despite the heavy rain, the upstream flow is not as large as the direct discharge of 1.5 million cubic meters of water recently.

Dr Takeba Akira, an advisor at the Japan-Japan Trade and Environment Promotion Organization, said: “With the West Lake water swept away beneficial microorganisms triggered by the Bioreactor plates, we are not responsible for any unit. both, this is an objective

Dr. Takeba Akira.

Regarding the ongoing Lich river cleaning projects, Japanese experts also said that the problem of cleaning the river is not simply the discharge of West Lake water or cleaning with Japanese technology.

According to him, the river must have water for input, which To Lich River now relies entirely on sewage flowing from 280 sluices. Therefore, it is advisable to clean the inside of the river first and then let the water in, increasing both the water flow and creating river flows. Then the beneficial organisms created by the nano machines will be distributed from the beginning to the end of the source.

“2 solutions of drainage company and Japanese expert, if combined, will revive the To Lich river properly”, Mr. Tuan Anh added.

To Lich River piloted another 2 months.

Build “apartment building”, do not allow water to wash away microorganisms
Japanese experts have developed plans so that the Bioreactor placed in the river bed will still activate the microorganisms and retain these creatures, no matter if discharging West Lake water or discharging more strongly, it will not be washed away. result.

“Experimental bodies in the To Lich river are like apartment buildings, microorganisms are the same as the people living in that apartment building. Soon, we will apply the biological measures to prevent the apartment building from being washed away by floodwaters. “

Biotech-applied pallets will help protect
The biofilter media will help protect, prevent water from swept away beneficial microorganisms when draining water.

Regarding operating costs, the Japanese expert confirmed that this project was 100% funded from Japan at the beginning, so even though it lasted for 2 months, Japan continued to sponsor, the Vietnamese side did not have to pay any cost. come on.

Japan is still sponsoring and piloting completely free the To Lich river cleaning project.

incident so we are trying to fix it. “

Magical mental health effects of enchanted youth drinks

A delicious green drink can be a golden key to helping treat anxiety, a fairly common and complex mental health problem.

Scientists from Kumamoto University (Japan) have proven that their country’s famous matcha tea powder not only makes delicious drinks but also good for health. Experiments in mice show that it directly affects two important neurochemicals and is a powerful anti-anxiety agent.

Matcha is the ingredient that has made many popular drinks over time – (artwork from the internet).

According to Dr. Yuki Kurauchi, MD, lead author of the study, in animal experiments, matcha has shown a direct effect on the two dopaminergic and serotonergic systems in the brain, helping them function. stronger. These are the two systems that help produce dopamine and serotonin, two important neurotransmitters.

Dopamine, dubbed the “happy hormone”, increases dopamine to help us feel happy, satisfied, motivated in all life activities, boosting the brain … Meanwhile, abundant serotonin helps you increase ability to regulate mood and appetite, sleep better, increase awareness … Deficiency of these two hormones can lead to low mood, ease anxiety and even anxiety disorders, a fairly complex syndrome journal in psychiatry.

Matcha is a famous Japanese green tea powder, the leaves of green tea (tea) are finely ground. Green tea plants used to make matcha must be grown under 90% shade and cared for in a special way by indigenous people. Matcha is often used to make a variety of drinks and is also a material for coloring, flavoring for food.

Dr. Kurachi added that in order to make a more positive assertion, an epidemiological study on humans is needed. However, the evidence they have collected is sufficient to show that matcha brings certain benefits to human health.

The research has just been published in the scientific journal Journal of Functional Foods.

Discovered tiny worms capable of emitting … the biggest sound in the ocean

Many people may think this is a strange thing, but the fact that the newly discovered sea worm has the ability to make the loudest sounds ever recorded in the ocean.

When you think of loud sounds, you can imagine screams … separating ears or explosions that make us cry. But what if in the ocean environment? The sea worm, which is only 29mm long, has set the record for researchers to surprise.

The newly discovered sea worm has the ability to make surprising sounds in the ocean.

The base was launched by marine biologist Ryutaro Goto from Kyoto University and colleagues measured the sounds emitted by these worms, which emitted a sound of up to … 157 dB.

In fact, we can hear sounds as low as 10 dB, but about 130 dB of sound can become painful and harm the ear.

“The sound of the newly discovered worm is comparable to the sound made compared to the way the shrimp attack the prey, which is one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea,” researchers explain.

The shrimp mentioned can produce sound intensity of up to 189 dB so that they stun prey, which is enough to break the glass.

The researchers pointed out that mollusks were not known to make a loud sound, at least until the team brought the creatures back to the lab and witnessed small noises. emanating from their mouth.

“A loud bang could be a byproduct of a fast oral attack,” the researchers commented.

In fact, this strange sea worm was only described recently in 2017, and it gouged holes in sponges along Japan’s Pacific coast, where it waits for its prey and aggressively protects the lawn from the opponents.

The researchers recommend that people should not return to some of the Marshall Islands because radiation is still above safe threshold.

The researchers recommend that people should not return to some of the Marshall Islands because radiation is still above safe threshold.

Some of the Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean, such as Bikini Atoll and Enewetak, are still more radioactive than Chernobyl and Fukushima, although more than 60 years have passed since the US tested nuclear weapons in the region. this. When testing plutonium-239 and 240 isotopes in soil samples, the researchers found that some islands are 10 to 1,000 times more radioactive than Fukushima and about 10 times the Chernobyl forbidden zone.

In 2016, a team at Columbia University in New York published a paper in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) on background gamma radiation north of the Marshall Islands, including the islands of Enewetak, Bikini and Rongelap. . They found that the radioactivity on Bikini Island was higher than previously reported, so they decided to conduct further research on radioactivity on the islands.

On July 15, the research team published three new works in the PNAS journal about four Marshall Islands atolls: Bikini, Enewetak, Rongelap and Utirik. The amount of gamma radiation in Bikini Atoll, Enjebi Island on Enewetak Atoll and Naen Island on Rongelap Atoll is much higher than an island in the southern Marshall Islands that scientists refer to.

Mushroom cloud in Romeo nuclear bomb explosion on Bikini island. (Photo: News.com.au).

The amount of radioactivity on Bikini and Naen Islands was so high that it exceeded the maximum limit agreed by the United States and the Marshall Islands in the 1990s. The researchers also discovered Runit and Enjebi islands of Enewetak Atoll, as well as Bikini and Naen Island, have a high level of radioactivity in the soil.

In the second study, the scientists worked with professional divers to collect 130 acres of land from the Bravo Castle crater in Bikini Atoll. Some isotopes like plutonium-239 and -240, americium-241 and bismuth-207 are higher than others in the Marshall Islands.

In the third study, the authors examined more than 200 fruits, mainly coconuts and pineapples on 11 islands of 4 atolls north of the Marshall Islands. As a result, the amount of cesium-137 in many fruits on Bikini and Rongelap islands is well above the safe threshold.

The moment the ISS station flies past on the sun

NASA shared a stunning picture depicting the tiny shadow of the ISS station against the giant surface of the Sun.

The composite image capturing the moment the International Space Station (ISS) flies between the Earth and the Sun, by photographer Rainee Colacurcio, was voted by NASA to be a beautiful Astronomy Photo of the Day. Although the ISS is closer to Earth, the orbital lab looks still very small in front of the massive surface of the Sun in the background.

The composite photo was taken by photographer Rainee Colacurcio from the ground. (Photo: NASA).

“That’s not the sunspot. It’s the International Space Station (ISS) flying through the sun,” explains Colacurcio. “The Sunspot has a dark shadow in the center and a semi-dark area with brighter colors and no solar cells. On the contrary, the ISS is a complex, multi-roofed apparatus, one of the the largest and most complex human ever created, “Colacurcio said.

According to Colacurcio, passing in front of the Sun is not too rare for the ISS station to fly around the Earth every 90 minutes. But very few people can set the right time and prepare the right equipment to create a great photo.

In fact, the image shared by NASA is a combination of two photos, one of the ISS station passing in front of the Sun and the other taken at the same time detailing the sun’s surface. The composite image also shows that the Sun lacks dark spots. These are dark patches that temporarily appear on the Sun’s surface and indicate areas with relatively lower temperatures around them due to the magnetic field lines impacting the convection. The number of black spots at each time varies greatly over the Sun’s 11-year cycle.

“Black spots are rare on the Sun since the beginning of the minimum phase, in which the Sun is very little active. For reasons that researchers do not fully understand, the number of black spots appears at the extreme stage. Previous and present urination is abnormally low, “explains Colacurcio.

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